The Republic of Poland, one of the Central European countries, with a total area of 322,600 square kilometers, bordering the Baltic Sea in the north, has a coastline of 528 kilometers. The total population is 38.03 million, 97% of which are Polish.
Poland has historically been a very powerful country. But in the 17th century, Poland began to fall behind. Between 1772 and 1795, Poland was invaded by three neighboring countries: the Russian Empire, the Prussian Empire, and the Austrian Empire. There were three carve-ups, and Poland was forced to sign many treaties of secession. After three partitions, Poland's territory was ceded to other countries, which eventually led to the destruction of the country. Poland then disappeared from the map of Europe for a hundred years.
Poland's national anthem is "Poland is Not Dead". Because the country had been carved up and lost for a century, a legion commander wrote the famous poem "Poland is Not Lost", which, combined with Chopin's Mazurka, became the legion's battle song and was officially adopted as Poland's national anthem in 1926.
Poland is located in central Europe, most of the land is plain, the terrain is flat, the average altitude is not high. The Vistula River, known as the "Mother River of Poland", is the longest river in Poland. Poland is bordered on three sides by continental countries, with the exception of the Baltic Sea in the north, which forms the watershed of 99.71% of the country 39bet-xì dách-phỏm miền bắc-tiến lên miền bắc-xóc đĩa-game bắn cá.
Poland's climate is mild, belonging to the maritime to continental transition climate. The eastern and southern parts of the country have a continental climate with poor temperatures, cold winters and hot, dry summers. The western and northern parts of the country have a maritime climate, with generally low temperatures in mountainous areas and long cold winters.
Poland's economy is growing fast and its per capita production is high, but for a variety of reasons it is still not a developed country. Industry occupies a large proportion of Poland's economy, among which the mining industry is the most developed. The main mineral resources include coal, zinc, copper, etc., and coal storage is among the top in Europe. At the same time, Poland is the world's famous amber producer, amber reserves, high value, has a hundred years of development history.
Poland has many world celebrities who have made great achievements and breakthroughs in their respective fields. Marie Curie, for example, was born in Warsaw, Poland. She was the first woman scientist to win two Nobel Prizes. She pioneered the theory of radioactivity and discovered two new elements. The famous astronomer Copernicus invented the heliocentric theory, which changed the way people thought about nature and gave birth to modern astronomy. Chopin is a Polish pianist and composer. He has one of the most important positions in Polish music history, also known as the "romantic piano poet". Nowadays, the Chopin International Piano Competition is held every five years in Warsaw, attracting numerous excellent pianists.
Polish food has a strong region, for example, in the north dishes mainly fish, soup dishes in the middle and so on. There are many customs and taboos in interpersonal communication in Poland. For example, Polish people love to entertain each other, but the number of people who eat should not be singular.
Poland's wine culture is very diverse, among which vodka is loved by people all over the world. Pure vodka is a Polish specialty. At the same time, the Polish carried out many further processing. There were buffalo grass vodka, aperitif bitter vodka and so on.